In this fiercely ambitious study, Meredith Anne Hoy seeks to reestablish the very definitions of digital art and aesthetics in art history. She begins by problematizing the notion of digital aesthetics, tracing the nineteenth- and twentieth-century movements that sought to break art down into its constituent elements, which in many ways predicted and paved the way for our acceptance of digital art. Through a series of case studies, Hoy questions the separation between analog and digital art and finds that while there may be sensual and experiential differences, they fall within the same technological categories. She also discusses computational art, in which the sole act of creation is the building of a self-generating algorithm. The medium isn't the message-what really matters is the degree to which the viewer can sense a creative hand in the art.
The recent trend toward a multifaceted business environment that is global rather than strictly national in nature makes it increasingly important for advertising and communication professionals to understand the principles and practices of marketing and advertising planning in international markets. Kaynak presents both a comprehensive guide to the social, cultural, technological, political, and economic influences that affect the international advertising business and a practical handbook on specific advertising processes and practices. The author shows that in most cases, advertising systems, practices, and procedures vary from one country to another and that these differences are related to differences in the respective countries' demographic, socio-economic, cultural, and technological development. Kaynak fully examines these different approaches, offering the reader a detailed and practical look at how advertising is done in other countries and why it is done that way. Among the topics Kaynak treats in-depth are the internationalization of advertising agencies, the legal restraints on international advertising, and the relationship between advertising and socio-economic development. Case examples of international, multinational and transnational firms and advertising agencies are used to illustrate the transition from a general international advertising planning approach to specific international advertising policy and strategy development. Separate chapters devoted to comparative advertising systems and cross-cultural/national advertising explore the reasons for similarities and differences in advertising practices and examine in detail particular advertising strategies and tactics. Throughout, Kaynak takes into account the practical concerns of advertising professionals, making this an excellent resource for both current and aspiring advertising managers and executives.
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