<b>A BUILDER'S GUIDE to Construction graphics</b> <p> <b>What do drawings mean to you as a builder?</b> <p> When you're in the midst of a construction project, you have to be able to bridge the gap between the outcome described by the design professional in the construction drawings and the myriad materials and processes required to build the structure. With hundreds of illustrations and photographs from actual working drawings, Construction Graphics: <i>A Practical Guide to Interpreting Working Drawings, Second Edition</i> demonstrates what construction graphics mean to managers of the construction process and how you can make the best use of them. <p> From site excavation to forming, roof, and electrical systems, <i>Construction Graphics</i> provides up-to-date material and helpful exercises on the critical tasks involved in constructing a project from graphic depictions of it. This updated new edition gives you an overview of graphic communication, the construction business environment, the design professional's work product, and construction drawing fundamentals, and adds valuable new commentary on important topics, including: <ul> <li> <p> Building Information Modeling (BIM) <li> <p> Project delivery systems <li> <p> Interpreting working drawings <li> <p> The similarities between residential and commercial building construction drawings <li> <p> Executing a site section in preparation for an earth quantity take-off <li> <p> Additional commentary on welding and welding symbology </ul> <p> Adhering to the Construction Specifications Institute's UniFormat classification system, Construction Graphics, Second Edition will be a valuable aid to any building professional.
This volume derives from a workshop on differential geometry, calculus of variÂ ations, and computer graphics at the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute in Berkeley, May 23-25, 1988. The meeting was structured around principal lectures given by F. Almgren, M. Callahan, J. Ericksen, G. Francis, R. Gulliver, P. HanraÂ han, J. Kajiya, K. Polthier, J. Sethian, I. Sterling, E. L. Thomas, and T. Vogel. The divergent backgrounds of these and the many other participants, as reflected in their lectures at the meeting and in their papers presented here, testify to the unifying element of the workshop's central theme. Any such meeting is ultimately dependent for its success on the interest and motivation of its participants. In this respect the present gathering was especially fortunate. The depth and range of the new developments presented in the lectures and also in informal discussion point to scientific and technological frontiers beÂ ing crossed with impressive speed. The present volume is offered as a permanent record for those who were present, and also with a view toward making the material available to a wider audience than were able to attend.
Raster graphics differs from the more traditional vector or line graphics in the sense that images are not made up from line segments but from discrete elements orderly arranged in a two-dimensional rectangular region. There are two reasons for the growing popularity of raster graphics or bit-mapped displays: I) the possibilities they offer to show extremely realistic pictures 2) the dropping prices of those displays and associated processors and memories. With the rise of raster graphics, all kinds of new techniques, methods, algorithms and data representations are associated -such as ray tracing, raster operations, and quadtrees-bringing with them a lot of fruitful research. As stated above raster graphics allows to create extremely realistic (synthesized) pictures. There are important applications in such diverse areas as industrial deSign, flight Simulation, education, image processing and animation. Unfortunately many applications are hampered by the fact that with the present state of the art they reqUire an excessive amount of computing resources. Hence it is worthwhile to investigate methods and techniques which may be of help in redudng computer costs associated with raster graphics applications. Since the choice of data srtuc- tures influences the efficiency of algorithms in a crudal way, a workshop was set up in order to bring together a (limited) number of experienced researchers to dis- cuss this topic. The workshop was held from 24 to 28 June 1985 at Steensel, a tiny village in the neighbourhood of Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
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